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2018年河北单招英语模拟试题一【含答案】

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时间:2018-08-03

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第i卷

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30 分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节(共5 小题: 每小题1. 5分,满分7. 5分)
听下面5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的a、b、c 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例:how much is the shirt?
a. £19.15. b. £9.15. c. £9.18. 
答案是b。
1. where are the speakers?
a. in a bookstore. b. in a library. c. in a classroom. 
2.  what does the woman mean?
a. she feels hungry now. b. she needs a room. c. she like desserts. 
3. how much will the man pay for the blouse?
a. $110. b. $100. c. $90.
4. why didn’t the couple sleep well last night?
a. they were annoyed by the noise outside. 
b. they quarreled with each other.
c. they received bad service. 
5 what are the speakers talking about?
a. buying a new house. b. dealing with insects. c. selling a kind of drug. 
第二节(共15 小题; 每小题1. 5 分,满分22. 5分)
请听下面5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的a、b、c三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题。每小题5 秒钟; 听完后,
各小题将给出5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6至7题。
6. what is the man going to do?
a. get off the flight. b. check his baggage. c. look for his id card. 
7.  why does the man have to pay 90 yuan?
a. his baggage is over the limit. b. he wants to buy a bag. c. he is overweight.
听第7 段材料,回答第8至9题。
8. what is the probable relationship between the speakers?
a. couple. b. colleagues. c. classmates. 
9. what does the man plan to do in the new year?
a. take more exercise. b. learn history. c. learn chemistry. 
听第8段材料,回答第10 至12 题。
10.  why does the man make the call?
a. to confirm an appointment. b. to ask about service. c. to visit the woman.
11. what is the woman going to do at nine o’clock?
a. see her doctor. b. meet her friend. c. go to work.
12. when will the woman see dr. parker?
a. at 9 a.m.. b. at 1:15 p.m.. c. at 1:50 p.m..
听第9段材料,回答第13 至16题。
13.  what gives a policeman a sense of duly in the woman’s eyes?
a. a suit. b. a tie. c. a uniform.
14. how does the woman feel when in a nice suit
a. more confident. b. more powerful. c. smarter.
15. why does the man wear a tie?
a. to remind him to be an actor.

b. to help him look interesting. 
c. to make his brain work better. 
16. what is the man?
a. a judge. b. a businessman. c. a lawyer. 
听第10段独白,回答第17至20题。
17. where is the bus going?
a. to the beach. b. to the city. c. to the hotel. 
18. what can the passengers do in the bus?
a. take pictures. b. drink something. c. eat some food.
19. why are the passengers forbidden to swim in los cabos?
a. the water is polluted. b. there are strong waves. c. sharks are found there. 
20. what is the speaker doing?
a. hosting a radio program. b. delivering a mini lecture. c. announcing tour instructions. 
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题; 每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(a、b、c 和d) 中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

a

amsterdam is a special city there are many places you should nor miss during your visit. here is our list of the best.

amsterdam canal ring

the city old centre is formed from canal rings which give you the feeling of space, freedom and peace. walk trough these canal streets or better—take a trip by renting a boat yourself. another way t0 explore the venice o fhe north is to take a ride or a bicycle. any way you decide for—enjoy this city.

the national maritime museum

the maritime museum is an attractive place to visit, especially with children. with many attractions in it, this colourful and enjoyable museum will help you understand the history of the netherlands—a small nation which was one of the world’s greatest sea powers.

amsterdam brown cafe

when you enter amsterdam old cafes called brown, at first it will seem too much from the past and too crowded, but the atmosphere is unique. relax and watch—most of people around will be locals. feel like one of them—the real amsterdammers.

civic guards gallery

this gallery is filed with old paintings from the dutch golden age. the exhibited canvas may be not always the masterpieces of art, but these group portraits of amsterdam citizens and their wives are an exquisite (精致的) document of the dutch civilization and culture centuries ago.

to avoid waiting lines we advise you to buy your tickets in advance online through our amsterdam attractions and museums tickets webpage.

21. how many ways are there for tourists to visit the city old centre?

a. 5.

b. 4.

c. 3.

d. 2.

22. where would you go to learn more about local life?

a. amsterdam brown cafe.

b. amsterdam canal ring.

c. civic guards gallery.

d. the national maritime museum.

23. where does the passage probably come from?

a. a fiction.

b. a textbook.

c. a travel guide.

d. a science magazine.

b

quietly siting there reading, i found myself suddenly listening to the train guard’s announcement. train travelers will surely agree that when the guard makes an announcements, whether it’s the recorded message or the guard’s message, few peoples listen to it, because it’s often quite dull or hard to understand. this one was different. i noticed that other passengers appeared to be listening, too. not only that, everyone was smiling!

why was so much attention being paid to this message? as best i can recall, the guard said something along these lines, “good morning ladies, gentlemen and children, this is the 7:35 a.m. from penrith to central and you’ll be pleased to know that we are right on time. and what a lovely morning it is in sydney today. the sun is shining, birds are singing, and all’s right with the world. i trust you have a great day wherever you’re going. thanks for catching my train this morning and i hope to see you again soon.”

quite a few people (obviously previous strangers) started talking to one another about the guard’s excellent message and how good it had made everyone feel. i started thinking about this, and then i found the young guard and said“were you the guard on the 7:35 a.m. from penrith?” the guard seemed a bit stunned at first, replying, “yes, yyyyes.”“well, i really appreciate your announcement. thank you for your extremely good message, which gave me

and the other passengers such a good start to the day. please keep doing it.”i said.

there are two messages for me in what happened that day. firstly, when people are happy in their work it shows in what they do and say. secondly, the story attaches much importance to the benefits that accumulate from thanking people for something they’ve done, particularly when it’s not expected. can you imagine the conversation that guard would have when he got home?

24. why do few train travelers listen to the announcements?

a. they usually feel sleepy.

b. the messages are unattractive.

c. the guard’s voice is not clear.

d. they are absorbed in books.

25. what does the underlined word “stunned”in paragraph 3 mean?

a. patient.

b. cautious.

c. excited.

d. surprise.

26. what might the guard talk about with his family when he got home?

a. the beautiful weather,

b. the recorded message.

c. the train from penrith.

d. the unexpected appreciation.

27. which of he following can be the best title for the text?

a. a boring train story.

b. an intelligent guard

c. a different train announcement.

d. a lovely morning in sydney.

c

it’s 3 o’clock and you’ve been hard at work. as you sit at your desk, a strong desire for chocolate overcomes you. you try to busy yourself to make it go away. but it doesn’t. here is another situation. perhaps you are not feeling well. the only thing you want to eat is a big bowl of chicken soup, like your mom used to make when you were sick as a child. food cravings are a strong desire for a specific type of food. and they are normal.

scientists at the website how stuff works. compare hunger and cravings this way. hunger is a fairly simple connection between the stomach and the brain. they even call it simply “stomach hunger.” when our stomachs burn up all of the food we have eaten, a hormone (荷尔蒙) sends a message to one part of the brain for more food, which regulates our most basic body functions such as thirst, hunger and sleep. the brain then produces a chemical to start the appetite and you eat. hunger is a function of survival.

a craving is more complex. it activates (使活跃) brain areas related to emotion, memory and reward. these are the same areas of the brain activated during drug-craving studies. so, some scientists call food craving “mind hunger. ”people often crave foods that are high in fat and sugar. foods that are high in fat or high in sugar produce chemicals in the brain. these chemicals give us feelings of pleasure.

in a 2007 study, researchers at cambridge university found that“dieting or restricted eating generally increases the possibility of food craving.” so, the more you deny yourself a food that you want, the more you may crave it. however, fasting is a bit different. they found that eating no food at all for a short period of time lessened food cravings.

so, the next time you crave something very specific, know that your brain may be more to blame than your stomach.

28. what is the function of the first paragraph?

a. to deepen the understanding of hunger.

b. to lead to the topic of the whole passage.

c. to report the discovery of craving study.

d. to remind readers of their own special food.

29. what do we learn about food craving?

a. it means the stomach functions well.

b. it ensures a person survives hunger.

c. it shows food is linked to feelings.

d. it proves the brain decides your appetite.

30. what’s the likely result of dieting?

a. the increase of food desire.

b. the decrease of chemicals.

c. the refusal of fat and sugar.

d. the disappearance of appetite.

31. what does the passage mainly discuss?

a. the findings of food craving.

b. what hunger is all about.

c. the functions of brain areas.

d. what dieting may bring us.

d

imagine a cat that does not need someone to clean up after it keeps an older person company and help them remember to take their medicine. that is the shared dream of the toy maker hasbro and scientists at brown university in providence, rhode island. the researchers received a $3-million-dollar award from the national science foundation for a special project. they want to find ways to add artificial intelligence, or a.i., to hasbro’s “joy for all” robotic cat.

the cat has already been for sale for two years. though priced over 1000 dollars, it sold quite well. it was meant to act as a “companion” for older people. now the project is aimed at developing additional abilities for the cat. researchers at brown’s humanity-centered robotics initiative are working to decide which activities older adults may need the most. they hope to make the cat perform a small number of activities very well. such activities include

finding lost objects and reminding the person to take medicine or visit their doctor. they also want to keep the cost down to just a few hundred dollars.

it is an idea that has appealed to jeanne elliott. her 93-year-old mother mary derr lives with her in south kingstown. derr has dementia (痴呆). the joy for all cat that elliott bought this year has become a true companion for derr. the cat stays with derr and keeps her calm while eliot is at work. elliott said a robotic cat that helps her mother to remember to take her medicine and be careful when she walks would be greater.

the researchers are trying to learn how the improved cats will complete helpful activities and how they will communicate. they say that they do not want a talking cat, however. instead they are trying to design a cat that can move its head in a special way to successfully communicate its message. in the end, they hope to create an exchange between the human and the cat in which the human feels the cat needs them. by doing so, the researchers hope they can even help prevent feelings of loneliness and sadness among elderly people.

32. what’s the purpose of the project?

a. to relieve the pain of the elderly.

b. to promote the sales of a medicine.

c. to help make the robotic cat smarter.

d. to invent a robotic cat for the elderly.

33. compared with the old model, the new robotic cat will be .

a. cheaper

b. smaller

c. more talkative.

d. more expensive

34. what does paragraph 3 intend to tell us?

a. the more functions of the cat, the better.

b. the cat gives much help to the elderly.

c. there is no cure for dementia at present.

d. mary derr would have died without the cat.

35. what can we infer from the last paragraph?

a. a talking cat is quite popular among the elderly.

b. feelings of sadness among the elderly are unavoidable.

c. each family can afford such a cat in the future.

d. the feeling of being needed is vital to the elderly.

第二节(共5小题; 每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

we all have to make decisions all the time, and we have an abundance of choices, ranging from tiny issues to vital ones. unfortunately, people often find it hard to make decisions. 36 if you would like to improve your skill of decision making, here are four suggestions for you.

don’t expect to have it all.

37 you can’t order every delicious dish on the menu. and there will be paths not taken, careers not chosen, to name a few. you can imagine some “what if”situations if you must, but do not let them take up too much space in your brain.

38

it’s often good to think through your decisions. but don’t overdo it. research can reach a point where returns begin to reduce, which makes it confusing more than clarifying. many good decisions can be made based as much on intuition (直觉) as on careful assessment of endless data.

don’t delay making decisions.

yes, there is a time to put off making a decision. perhaps you need more information. 39 or it’s likely that you wait for a less stressful time. just don’t wait so long that the decision is made by your own indecisiveness.

don’t be hard on yourself.

you decide to go on a voyage. you choose an expensive liner. everything should work out just right. only you didn’t expect a bug that ran around on the ship, making you and your family sick for five days. 40 but please remember it is unavoidable sometimes.

a. decisions force us to close the door on other possibilities.

b. that means the skill of good decision-making counts a lot.

c. don’t count on emotion to make decisions.

d. you may regret making such a stupid decision.

e. maybe you wish to consult with your advisor.

f. don’t spend too much time thinking.

g. it is an important source of information.

第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45 分)

第一节完形填空(共20小题:每小题1. 5分,满分30分)

阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(a、b、c和d) 中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

madison williams was studying in her bedroom when the door burst open. her mother, leigh, hurried into her daughter’s room, making a(n) 41: “can you help?”

madison and her mother ran to a neighbor’s yard, where they found a 42 woman and other adults 43 a septic tank (化粪池) opening a few inches above the lawn. a boy, aged only two, had 44 an eight-foot-deep tank.

madison quickly 45 the situation. she knew she was the only one who could 46 through the small hole. without 47 she told the adults to lower her in. leigh and others held her waist and 48. madison shook her arms and shoulders until she got through the 49 into the dark and smelly tank. in the process, she 50 one hand severely. rather than tend to her injury, madison scanned the 51of the water, hoping to feel the boy. every once in a while, she could see his little 52 in the water but failed to catch his foot. minutes ticked by before she saw the 53 of his foot again. madison shot her good hand out and grasped the foot 54 then both of them were lifted out.

but the boy wasn’t out of 55 he had been short of oxygen so long that he wasn’t 56. he was placed on his side, and an adult 57 him hard on the back until the boy coughed up fluids. then they were rushed to the hospital.

it took madison longer to 58 than the boy, who returned home soon. she, 59. stayed there for her injury. “madison’s a hero,” the boy’s mother says, “what other teenage girls will 60 to go into a septic tank?”

41. a. order b. comment c. request d. plan

42. a. puzzled b. disappointed c. delighted d. worried

43. a surrounding b. digging c. watching d. blocking

44. a broken up b. slipped into c. taken over d. run across

45 a. created b. controlled c. examined d. disturbed

46 a. walk b. fit c. fly d. look

47. a. argument b. comment c. application d. hesitation

48. a. clothes b. shoes c. legs d. hands

49. a. opening b. bush c. yard d. crowd

50. a. lost b. injured c. treated d. held

51. a. depth b. surface c. color d. taste

52. a. hair b. hat c. fingers d. toes

53. a. outline b. smell c. picture d. shadow

54. a. strangely b. clearly c. tightly d. carefully

55. a. trouble b. work c. shape d. sympathy

56. a. talking b. laughing c. crying d. breathing

57. a. tapped b. hit c. pushed d. supported

58. a. wake b. succeed c. recover d. adjust

59. a. moreover b. therefore c. otherwise d. however

60. a. fear b. volunteer c. pretend d. long

第 ii 卷

第三部分: 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第二节(共10小题; 每小题1. 5 分,满分15 分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词) 或括号内单词的正确形式。

an american in beijing lives his chinese dream

gao tianrui walks along streets in beijig’s xicheng ditrict as 61 public security volunteer. 62 (wear) his bright red armband (红袖章) and speaking fluent mandarin, 62-year-old gao tianrui could 63 (take) for any regular chinese man. but on 64 (close) inspection, things are not quite 65 they seem: gao’s real name is terry crossman and he is from the united states. he is now a member of “xicheng dama”, that is, volunteers, usually women in late middle-age, 66 walk along the streets of downtown beijing’s xicheng district. terry said that, at first, he saw the group as busybodies, but 67 (gradual) he saw that it was a good thing for retired seniors 68 (help) others.

he is often seen giving tourists 69 (direction), getting water for a baby and even helping a neighbor sell yogurt. “i like helping others,” he said, “i live in the hutong and my neighbors and i usually help each other... this is where i live, where my friends are and where i call home. ”crossman 70 (become) interested in chinese culture as a teenager when he read tao te ching by laozi.

第四部分 写作(共两节;满分35分)

第一节: 短文改错(共10小题; 每小题1分,满分10分)
假如英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌的以下作文,文中共有10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加,删除或修改。
增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(/\),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\) 划掉。
修改: 在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词:
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起) 不计分。

hugh henry, an american, used to be addicted with coffee before coming to china. inspiring by a can of tea given to him by one of his chinese friend in 2004, he began to enjoy a unique flavor and culture of chinese tea. as far as she is concerned, tea provides a perfectly way to understand china and make friends.

henry is very much modest while studying tea culture. “though i’ve learned many things about tea, i felt like i’ve only scratched the surface. i know my understanding of it should go even deep.” he said, “i also want to encourage more american understand chinese culture. ”  

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华,计划在暑假期间骑行游览丝绸之路西安至兰州路段(约660公里)。请给你的加拿大朋友henry写封邮件,邀请他参加。内容包括:

1. 出发时间;

2. 骑行路线:

3. 注意事项。

注意:

1、词数100 左右:

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

dear henry,

how is everything going?        

yours,

li hua

2018年河北单招英语模拟试题一参考答案

1-5 accab 6-10 bacaa 11-15 bbcac 16-20 bcabc

21-25 cacbd 26-30 dcbca 31-35 acabd 36-40 bafed

41-45 cdabc 46-50 bdcab 51-55 bdaca 56-60 dacdb

语法填空:

61. a 62. wearing 63. be taken 64. closer 65. what

66. who 67. gradually 68. to help 69. directions 70. became

短文改错:

hugh henry, an american, used to be addicted with coffee before coming to china. inspiring by a can of tea

    to   inspired

given to him by one of his chinese friend in 2004, he began to enjoy a unique flavor and culture of chinese tea. as

   friends  the

far as she is concerned, tea provides a perfectly way to understand china and make friends.

he  perfect

henry is very much modest while studying tea culture. “though i’ve learned many things about tea, i felt like

        feel

i’ve only scratched the surface. i know my understanding of it should go even deep.” he said, “i also want to

      deeper

encourage more american/\ understand chinese culture. ”

  to

one possible version

dear henry,

how is everything going? i’m writing to tell you there will be a bike trip along the silk road during the summer vacation. knowing you are interested in it, i want to invite you to join me.

we are to meet in xi’an, the starting point of the silk road, on july 20. then we’ll ride through shaanxi province, and finally stop in lanzhou, gansu province, covering a length of approximately 660 kilometers. the journey is only part of the silk road, during which we can admire the splendid scenery. we need to prepare some necessities such as food, water, tents and jackets for our trip. i am expecting to enjoy the exciting trip with you.

looking forward to your reply.

yours,

li hua

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