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石家庄铁路职业技术学院2013年单独考试招生英语试题(A)

来源:石家庄铁路职业技术学院

时间:2019-01-04

阅读数:468

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2013年单独招生考试英语试题(A)

说明:

1.本试卷满分100分,答题时间60分钟。

2.所有答案请在答题纸上作答,在本试卷和草稿纸上作答无效。答题前请仔细阅读答题纸上的“考生须知”,按照“考生须知”的规定答题。

3.考试结束后,请将本试卷与答题纸一并交回。

第一部分  英语知识运用(共三节,  满分50分)

第一节  语音知识 (共5小题;每小题l分,  满分5分)   

从A、B、C、D四个选项中, 找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同的选项, 并在答题卡上作答。

1.go A.alone B.front C.lock D.dog

2.corn A.cent B.certain C.curtain D.cinema

3.break A.teach B.great C.meat D.head 

4.whole A.what B.which C.who    D.where

5.bike A.terrible B.fix C.ship D.like

第二节  语法和词汇知识 (共15小题;每小题l分,  满分l5分)

从A、B、C、D四个选项中, 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项, 并在答题卡上作答。

6.When he left _______ college, he got a job as _______ teacher in a high school.

A.不填; a            B.不填; the

C.a; the              D.the; the

7.—Could I ask you a rather personal question?

—Sure, _______.

A.pardon me      B.go ahead   

C.good idea    D.forget it

8.The news of her mother’s death was a terrible _______ to her and her father.

A.honor          B.opinion          

C.shock            D.attitude

9.—Susan, have you seen the movie Finding Mr. Right?  

—No. I _______ reading at home to seeing a movie in a cinema.   

A.like          B.prefer     

C.love            D.enjoy

10.You can’t imagine _______ when they received these nice Christmas presents.

A.how they were excited B.how excited were they

C.how excited they were          D.they were how excited

11.We are living in an age _______ many things are done on computer.

A.which B.that

C.whose D.when

12.I won’t call you, _______ something unexpected happens.

A.unless    B.whether   

C.because    D.if

13.—Whose dictionary is it?

—It _______ our school library.

A.belongs to          B.is belonged to

C.is belonging        D.belongs

14.You’d better not _______ the radio, or you’ll not be able to put it together.

A.set up          B.break down       

C.pick out      D.take apart

15.—Have you known Dr. Jackson for a long time?

—Yes, since she _______ the Chinese Society.

A.has joined B.joins

C.had joined D.joined

16.—Have you finished your project, Cathy?

—Not yet. My computer _______.

A.is still being fixed   B.is not fixing   

C.has already been fixed D.has not fixed

17.People _______ in the city do not know the pleasure of country life.

A.live    B.to live   

C.lived    D.living            

18.It will be quite a long time _______ she is back again, so don’t be too cross with her.

A.since            B.before             

C.that              D.until

19.Can you believe that in _______ a rich country there should be _______ many poor people?

A.such; such      B.such; so     

C.so; so        D.so; such 

20._______ is obvious that reading in bed does great harm to your eyes.

A.This      B.That       

C.They      D.It

第三节  完形填空 (共20小题;每小题l.5分,  满分30分)

阅读下面短文,  从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,  选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,  并在答题卡上作答。

A little boy almost thought of himself as the most unfortunate child in the world because a disease made his leg lame. He   21   played with his classmates. When the teacher asked him to answer questions, he always   22   his head without a word.

One   23  , the boy’s father asked for some saplings (树苗) from the neighbor. He wanted the   24   to plant a sapling each person in front of the house. The father said, “Whose sapling grows best, I will buy him or her a favorite   25  .” Seeing his brothers and sisters watering the trees, however, the boy had an idea. He hoped that the tree he planted would   26   soon. So, after watering it once or twice, he never   27   it. 

A few days later, when the little boy went to see his tree again, he was   28   to find that it didn’t fade but grew some fresh leaves.   29   the trees of his brothers and sisters, his tree was even greener. His father kept his   30  , bought the little boy his favorite gift and said that from the tree he planted, he would become an outstanding   31   when he grew up. 

Since then, the little boy slowly became   32  . One night, he lay on the bed but couldn’t sleep. Then he got up and came to the   33  . To his surprise, his   34   was splashing something onto his tree.   35  , he understood—his father had been   36   fertilizing his small tree! He returned to his room,   37   running down. 

  38   passed. The little boy didn’t become a botanist, but he was elected President of the United States. His name was Franklin Roosevelt. 

Love is the   39   nourishment (营养) of life.   40   it is just a drop of clear water, it can still help the tree of life thrive (茁壮成长). 

21.A.bravely    B.seldom    C.freely  D.always

22.A.raised      B.nodded    C.lowered    D.knocked 

23.A.spring    B.moment    C.winter    D.week 

24.A.neighbors    B.friends  C.children  D.boys

25.A.sapling B.tree C.gift  D.toy

26.A.die B.grow  C.break D.survive

27.A.led to B.attended to  C.belonged to  D.objected to

28.A.pleased  B.upset    C.worried D.surprised 

29.A.Compared with B.Similar to    C.Connected to D.Popular with 

30.A.request  B.schedule  C.promise D.secret

31.A.president B.botanist    C.artist  D.researcher 

32.A.smart  B.desperate    C.optimistic D.practical 

33.A.field B.courtyard    C.park    D.farm 

34.A.brother    B.sister C.father  D.neighbor

35.A.All of a sudden B.For a moment C.In time    D.From then on

36.A.busily B.quietly C.cautiously    D.secretly 

37.A.water B.tears C.sweat  D.rain 

38.A.Weeks B.Months C.Decades  D.Centuries 

39.A.last B.only C.least D.best 

40.A.Even if    B.Now that  C.If only      D.What if

第二部分  阅读理解(共两节, 满分30分)

第一节 (共10小题;每小题2分, 满分20分)

阅读下列短文。从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,  选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上作答。

A

Mr. Grey was the manager of a small office in London. He lived in the country, and came up to work by train. He liked walking from the station to his office unless it was raining, because it gave him some exercise.

One morning he was walking along the street when a stranger stopped him and said to him, “You may not remember me, sir, but seven years ago I came to London without a penny in my pockets. I stopped you in this street and asked you to lend me some money, and you lent me £ 5, because you said you were willing to take a chance so as to give a man a start on the way to success.”

Mr. Grey thought for a few minutes and then said, “Yes, I remember you. Go on with your story!” “Well,” answered the stranger, “are you still willing to take a chance?” 

41.How did Mr. Grey get to his office?

A.He usually went up to work by train.

B.He was used to walking to his office.

C.He went to his office on foot unless it rained.

D.He first took a train and then walked if it was fine.

42.Mr. Grey liked walking to his office because _______.

A.he couldn’t afford the buses        B.he wanted to save money

C.he wanted to keep in good health  D.he could have exercises back home

43.Mr. Grey had been willing to lend money to a stranger in order to _______.

A.give him a start in life            B.help him on the way to success

C.make him a rich man          D.gain more money

44.One morning the stranger recognized Mr. Grey and _______.

A.asked Mr. Grey for money once again 

B.wanted to return Mr. Grey the money

C.would like to make friends with him

D.told Grey he had been successful since then

45.In the second paragraph, “…take a chance” means _______.

A.Mr. Gray happened to meet a stranger in the street

B.Mr. Grey had a chance to give a hand to a stranger

C.Mr. Grey helped a stranger out of trouble by chance

D.Mr. Grey took the risk that the stranger would not return the money

B

Although English is not as old as Chinese, it is spoken by many people around the world every day. English speakers are always creating new words, and we are often able to know where most words come from.

Sometimes, however, no one may really know where a word comes from. Did you ever think about why hamburgers are called hamburgers, especially when they are not made with ham? About a hundred years ago, some men went to America from Europe. They came from a big city in Germany called Hamburg. They did not speak good English, but they ate good food. When some Americans saw them eating round pieces of beef, they asked the Germans what it was. The Germans did not understand the question and answered, “We come from Hamburg.” One of these Americans owned a restaurant, and had an idea. He cooked some round pieces of beef like those that the men from Hamburg ate. Then he put each between two pieces of bread and started selling them. Such bread came to be called “hamburgers”. Today “hamburgers” are sold in many countries around the world.

Whether this story is true or not, it is certainly interesting. Knowing why any word has a certain meaning is interesting, too. This reason, for most English words, can be found in any large English dictionary.

46.According to the writer, English is _______.

A.as old as Chinese            B.older than German

C.not so old as Chinese            D.very difficult to learn 

47.Hamburg is _______.

A.a kind of food                B.a city in Germany 

C.the name of a village          D.a round piece of beef

48.We can learn from the passage that _______.

A.few Americans like hamburgers 

B.hamburgers are made with beef

C.hamburgers are made with ham   

D.hamburgers were first sold about a century ago

49.Which of the following can often be found in any large English dictionary?

A.Where all the new words come from

B.Where those Germans came from

C.The reason why a word has a certain meaning 

D.The reason why English is spoken around the world

50.The word “hamburger” comes from _______.

A.China because it has a long history

B.England because Germans don’t speak good English

C.the round pieces of beef which those people from Hamburg were eating

D.English speakers because they always create new words

第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

Four Habits to Help You Succeed

We all want to succeed, whether it’s in losing weight or learning the guitar. For those who have tried and failed, success seems difficult to understand. Why does one person succeed where another person fails?   51  

1.Identify your core values.

Finding your core values is in line with creating inner motivation.   52   Pick a handful of things and actually write them down. Remind yourself of your values every day, and reflect on whether you are honoring those values through your work.

2.Pick a goal and focus on it.

Choose one goal to start something large enough that will give you a sense of accomplishment, while adjusting well to your core values. Focus is key here.   53   If you perform many tasks at a time, you might never complete your projects because they will take far too long. 

3.Set a deadline for success.

Set a date for success. Identify when you hope to achieve your goal.   54   By setting a time limit, you are making the process more real.

4.  55  

Failure can’t be avoided when you take risks. By its very definition, the desire to succeed means you are risking failure. Many people tend to give up far too early. Don’t fall into this trap! Remember your mindset earlier. Know it will happen. A failure is merely you working out the details, and learning what works and what doesn’t. Use failure. Treat it as a good thing, and march on!

A.The more focused you are on one goal, the higher chance you have of success.

B.Make the right decision.

C.I’ve made a list of four habits to help you set goals and achieve them.

D.Stick to your goal.

E.Keep it realistic, while not giving you too much time.

F.Sit and reflect on what you value most.

G.Push yourself to be courageous, and take that next step.

第三部分  写作(共二节,  满分20分)

第一节  短文改错 (共10小题;每小题1分,  满分10分)

此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行做出判断:如无错误,在该行右边横线上画一个勾(√);如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正:

此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。

此行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。

此行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。

注意:原行没有错的不要改。

I had a interesting dream last night. I dreamed          56.______________

that I took part in a race. At first, I could not to run very  57.______________

fast and fell behind. So I didn’t lose heart and kept          58.______________

running. All the students on the playground cheer me up,  59.______________

“Come on!” I was so encouraged that I ran faster and fast    60.______________

till I caught up all the other runners. I felt as if flying like    61.______________

a superman. In the end, I got to the finishing line first.      62.______________

I won the race. I felt very proudly of myself. Many of my      63.______________

classmate threw me up into the air. Just at that time            64.______________

I woke up and found me still in bed!            65.______________

第二节  汉译英 (共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)

请根据括号中的提示将下列句子翻译成英语。

66.昨天孩子们参观了博物馆。(visit)

67.因为生病,他戒了烟。(give up)

68.桌子上有一台电脑和一盏台灯。(There be结构)

69.Harry有时开车上班,有时步行上班。(by car)

70.明天我要和我的同学一起去野营。(go camping)

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